Tiger Census Report 2018

Context: Recently, the Union Minister of Environment, Forest & Climate Change has released the detailed report of Tiger Census on the eve of Global Tiger Day.

About Tiger Census Report 2018

  • The detailed report assesses the status of tigers in terms of spatial occupancy and density of individual populations across India.
  • The report evaluates the status of habitat corridors connecting major tiger populations and highlights vulnerable areas that require conservation attention for each landscape.
  • The report provides information on major carnivores and ungulates regarding their distribution and relative abundance.

Key Highlights of Tiger Census Report 2018

  • The western most population of tigers in Rajaji Tiger Reserve along with Corbett Tiger Reserve, Pilibhit Tiger Reserve and Dudhwa Tiger Reservewith an estimated population size of between 531-678 individuals.
  • The Valmiki-Sohagibarwa continuum spans across parts of India and Nepal with tiger occupancy on the Indian side with 36-48 individuals.
  • Corbett has highest tiger population of 231 followed by Nagarhole and Bandipore reserves in Karnataka with 127 and 126 tigers respectively.
  • It showed that out of the 50 tiger reserves in the country, three reserves i.e. Mizoram’s Dampa reserve, West Bengal’s Buxa reserve and Jharkhand’s Palamau reserve, have no tigers left.
  • Currently, the tiger population within the reserves is 1,923 (65 per cent of the total tiger population of India).
  • In the state-wise distribution of tigers, Madhya Pradesh was found with maximum tigers at 526 followed by Karnataka at 524 and 442 in Uttarakhand.

Uniqueness of the Tiger Census Report 2018

  • The abundance index of co-predators and other species has been carried out which hitherto was restricted only to occupancy.
  • The sex ratio of tigers in all camera trap sites has been carried out for the first time.
  • The anthropogenic effects on tiger population have been elaborated in a detailed manner.
  • Tiger abundance within pockets in tiger reserves has been demonstrated for the first time.

Way Forward

  • Tigers and other wild life are a kind of soft power India has to show on the international front because India has a culture of saving and preserving the nature, trees and its wild life.
  • India is tirelessly working with all 13 tiger range countries towards nurturing the tiger as India is home to 70 percent of world’s tiger population.
  • The Ministry of Environment is working on a programme in which efforts would be made to provide water and fodder to animals in the forest itself to deal with the challenge of human-animal conflict which is causing deaths of animals.
  • LIDAR based survey technology will be used for the first time which is a method for measuring distances by illuminating the target with laser light and measuring the reflection with a sensor.
  • India had embarked upon assessing management interventions through the globally developed Conservation Assured | Tiger Standards (CA|TS) framework, which will now be extended to all fifty tiger reserves across the country.
  • In areas where tigers have not been recorded or the population has declined, restoration needs to proceed by improving protection, augmentation of prey, and reintroduction of tigers from an appropriate source.

Leave a Reply