• Indian Administrative Service (IAS) was formerly known as the Imperial Civil Service (ICS) is the Civil Services Examination and one of the toughest competitive exams in India.

  • Civil Services exam is conducted by Union Public Service Commission (UPSC), a central agency, which conducts various exams such as:

  • Civil Services Examination(CSE)

  • Indian Forest Service (IFS) examination

  • Indian Economic Service(IES) exam

  • Indian Statistical Service(ISS) exam,

  • Engineering Services Exam,

  • Combined Medical Services Exam,

  • Combined Defence Services Exam,

  • National Defence Academy(NDA) Exams,

  • Naval Academy Exam,

  • Special Class Railway Apprentice(SCRA),

  • Combined Geoscientist and Geologist Exam, and

  • Central Armed Police Forces (Assistant Commandant) exam.

  • The Civil Services Examination is meant for those students who are ambitious and competitive enough to surpass anyone. Throughout the country, these services have been the most sought after careers by youngsters.

  • Civil Services Exam or IAS Exam is one the most reputed exams in India and is the backbone of the Indian bureaucracy (Steel Frame of India). 

  • Civil Services is the primary service, which heads all the major departments which run the state and central administration.

  • It’s one the toughest competitive exams in the country with a success rate of just 0.1 per cent. It clearly shows that only few hard working students can get success in this UPSC examination and this all can be done not only by hard work but by a planned hard work. We will provide you with all the UPSC exam details required for your preparation. 


IAS Exam Eligibility:

  • For the IAS, IFS & IPS, a candidate must be a citizen of India.

  • For the IRS and other services, a candidate must be one of the following:

  • A citizen of India

  • A subject of Bhutan

  • A subject of Nepal

  • Refugee of Tibet who came in India before 1st Jan 1962 to permanently settle in India.

  • a person of Indian origin who has migrated from Pakistan, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zaire, Ethiopia or Vietnam with the intention of permanently settling in India.

Educational Qualification:

  • All candidates must have as a minimum one of the following educational qualifications to appear in UPSC Exam.

  • There is no minimum Pass percentage but must be a graduate.

  • A degree from a Central, State or Deemed university

  • A degree received through correspondence or distance education is valid

  • A degree from an open university is also valid

  • A qualification recognized by the Govt. of India as being equivalent to one of the above

  • Candidates who are in last Semester or in Last year of any degree.

Age Limit:

  • A candidate must have attained the age of 21 years (Twenty one) and must not have attained the age of 32 years on August 1st of the year of exam.

  • For OBC the upper age limit is 35, and for SC and ST the limit is (37) thirty seven years.

  • The minimum age limit for candidates is 21 years

  • The maximum age limit is 32 years.

  • The upper age limit is further relaxed by (5) Five years and 3 years for candidates belonging to SC/ST and OBC categories respectively.

  • Up to a maximum of 10 years in the case of blind, deaf-mute and Orthopedically handicapped persons.

Numbers of Attempts:


Number of Attempts

UPSC Age Limit- Upper Relaxation

General category or EWS candidates


Up to 32 Years

OBC category candidates


Up to 35 Years

SC/ST Candidates


Up to 37 Years



Up to 37 Years

Physically Handicapped

9 attempts for general and OBC, while unlimited for SC/ST

Disabled Defence Services Personnel- 35

Persons with Benchmark Disability- 42



There are three stages of the exam:

  • Stage 1: Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination (Objective Type)

  • Stage 2: Civil Services (Mains) Examination (Descriptive Type)

  • Stage 3: Personal Interview (Personality Test)

Stage 1: Preliminary Examination (Objective Type)

Negative marking for each incorrect answer is one-third (0.33).



Total Marks



Prelims Paper I

General Studies (GS)



2 Hours (9:30 AM to 11:30 AM)
  • Current events of national and international importance

  • History of India and Indian National Movement

  • Indian and World Geography – Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World

  • Indian Polity and Governance – Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy Rights Issues, etc

  • Economic and Social Development – Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector initiatives, etc

  • General issues on Environmental Ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate Change – that do not require subject specialization

  • General Science

Prelims Paper II

Civil Services Aptitude Test (CSAT)



2 Hours (2:30 PM to 4:30 PM)

  • Comprehension

  • Interpersonal skills including communication skills

  • Logical reasoning and analytical ability

  • Decision-making and problem solving

  • General mental ability

  • Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude etc.) (Class X level), Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc. Class X level)


Stage 2: Mains Examination (Descriptive Type)

  • Paper A and Paper B of UPSC Civil Services Mains are qualifying in nature only and the score secured in these papers are not considered while counting the candidates’ ranking.

  • However, only those aspirants, who obtain at least 25% twenty-five per cent in Paper A and 25% in Paper B, will be taken into consideration while making of rank list on the basis of General Studies and Optional Subjects papers.

Papers qualifying in nature:

  • Paper A – An Indian language selected by the candidates

  • Paper B – English

Papers to be counted for merit:

  • Essay (Paper I)

  • General Studies (Paper II-V)

  • Optional Subjects (Paper VI-VII)




 (Qualifying     Papers)

One of the Indian Language to be selected by the candidate from the Languages included in the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution.300 Marks (Need 25 % atleast)


 (Qualifying   Papers)

English300 Marks (Need 25 % atleast)


  Paper-IEssay 250 Marks

General Studies-I

(Indian Heritage and Culture, History and

Geography of the World and Society)

250 Marks

General Studies –II

(Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations)

250 Marks

General Studies –III

(Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management)

250 Marks

General Studies –IV

(Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude)

250 Marks
  Paper-VIOptional Subject – Paper 1250 Marks
  Paper-VIIOptional Subject – Paper 2250 Marks
 Sub Total (Written test) 1750 Marks
 Personality Test 275 Marks
 Grand Total 2025 Marks


  • The main Examination is intended to assess the overall intellectual traits and depth of understanding of candidates rather than merely the range of their information and memory.
  • The nature and standard of questions in the General Studies papers (Paper II to Paper V) will be such that a well-educated person will be able to answer them without any specialized study.
  • The questions will be such as to test a candidate’s general awareness of a variety of subjects, which will have relevance for a career in Civil Services. The questions are likely to test the candidate’s basic understanding of all relevant issues, and ability to analyze, and take a view on conflicting socio-economic goals, objectives and demands. The candidates must give relevant, meaningful and succinct answers.
  • The scope of the syllabus for optional subject papers (Paper VI and Paper VII) for the examination is broadly of the honours degree 1evel i.e. a level higher than the bachelors’ degree and lower than the masters’ degree. In the case of Engineering, Medical Science and law, the level corresponds to the bachelors’ degree.
  • Syllabi of the papers included in the scheme of Civil Services (Main) Examination are given as follows:—


The aim of the paper is to test the candidates’ ability to read and understand serious discursive prose, and to express his ideas clearly and correctly, in English and Indian language concerned. The pattern of questions would be broadly as follows:

(i) Comprehension of given passages.

(ii) Précis Writing.

(iii) Usage and Vocabulary.

(iv) Short Essays.

Indian Languages:—

(i) comprehension of given passages.

(ii) Précis Writing.

(iii) Usage and Vocabulary.

(iv) Short Essays.

(v) Translation from English to the Indian Language and vice-versa.

(Note 1: The papers on Indian Languages and English will be of Matriculation or equivalent standard and will be of qualifying nature only. The marks obtained in these papers will not be counted for ranking.

Note 2: The candidates will have to answer the English and Indian Languages papers in English and the respective Indian language (except where translation is involved).


Essay: Candidates may be required to write essays on multiple topics. They will be expected to keep closely to the subject of the essay to arrange their ideas in orderly fashion, and to write concisely. Credit will be given for effective and exact expression.



  1. Indian Heritage and Culture
  2. History (Modern Indian History, Freedom Struggle, Post-Independece)
  3. Geography of the World
  4. Society

Indian Heritage and Culture

  • Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

Modern Indian History and World History

  • Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present significant events, personalities, issues.

  • The Freedom Struggle — its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.

  • Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.

  • World History: History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.— their forms and effect on the society.


  • Salient features of world’s physical geography.
  • Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India).
  • Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location-changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.


  • Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.
  • Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.
  • Effects of globalization on Indian society.
  • Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.



(Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International Relations)

Polity and Constitution

  • Indian Constitution—Historical Underpinnings, Evolution, Features, Amendments, Significant Provisions and Basic Structure.

  • Functions and Responsibilities of the Union and the States, Issues and Challenges Pertaining to the Federal Structure, Devolution of Powers and Finances up to Local Levels and Challenges Therein.

  • Separation of Powers between various organs, Dispute Redressal Mechanisms and Institutions.

  • Comparison of the Indian Constitutional Scheme with that of Other Countries.

  • Parliament and State Legislatures—Structure, Functioning, Conduct of Business, Powers & Privileges and Issues Arising out of these.

  • Structure, Organization and Functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary—Ministries and Departments of the Government; Pressure Groups and Formal/Informal Associations and their Role in the Polity.

  • Salient Features of the Representation of People’s Act.

  • Appointment to various Constitutional Posts, Powers, Functions and Responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.

  • Statutory, Regulatory and various Quasi-judicial Bodies.


  • Government Policies and Interventions for Development in various sectors and Issues arising out of their Design and Implementation.

  • Development Processes and the Development Industry — the Role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders.

  • Important Aspects of Governance, Transparency and Accountability, E-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; Citizens Charters, Transparency & Accountability and institutional and other measures.

  • Role of Civil Services in a Democracy.

Social Justice

  • Welfare Schemes for Vulnerable Sections of the population by the Centre and States and the Performance of these Schemes; Mechanisms, Laws, Institutions and Bodies constituted for the Protection and Betterment of these Vulnerable Sections.

  • Issues Relating to Development and Management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

  • Issues relating to Poverty and Hunger.

International relations

  • India and its Neighborhood- Relations.

  • Bilateral, Regional and Global Groupings and Agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.

  • Effect of Policies and Politics of Developed and Developing Countries on India’s interests, Indian Diaspora.

  • Important International Institutions, agencies and fora – their Structure, Mandate.



(Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management)

Economic Development

  • Indian Economy and issues relating to Planning, Mobilization of Resources, Growth, Development and Employment.
  • Inclusive Growth and issues arising from it.
  • Government Budgeting.
  • Land Reforms in India.
  • Effects of Liberalization on the Economy, Changes in Industrial Policy and their Effects on Industrial Growth.
  • Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.
  • Investment Models.


  • Major Crops – Cropping Patterns in various parts of the country, – Different Types of Irrigation and Irrigation Systems; Storage, Transport and Marketing of Agricultural Produce and Issues and Related Constraints; E-technology in the aid of farmers.
  • Issues related to Direct and Indirect Farm Subsidies and Minimum Support Prices; Public Distribution System – Objectives, Functioning, Limitations, Revamping; Issues of Buffer Stocks and Food Security; Technology Missions; Economics of Animal-Rearing.
  • Food Processing and Related Industries in India- Scope’ and Significance, Location, Upstream and Downstream Requirements, Supply Chain Management.

Science and Technology

  • Developments and their Applications and Effects in Everyday Life.
  • Achievements of Indians in Science & Technology; Indigenization of Technology and Developing New Technology.
  • Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, Robotics, Nano-technology, Bio-technology and issues relating to Intellectual Property Rights.

Bio-diversity, Environment and Disaster Management

  • Conservation, Environmental Pollution and Degradation, Environmental Impact Assessment.
  • Disaster and Disaster Management.


  • Linkages between Development and Spread of Extremism.
  • Role of External State and Non-state Actors in creating challenges to Internal Security.
  • Challenges to Internal Security through Communication Networks, Role of Media and Social Networking Sites in Internal Security Challenges, Basics of Cyber Security; Money-Laundering and its prevention.
  • Security Challenges and their Management in Border Areas – Linkages of Organized Crime with Terrorism.
  • Various Security Forces and Agencies and their Mandate.



  • Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude
  • (This paper will include questions to test the candidates’ attitude and approach to issues relating to integrity, probity in public life and his problem solving approach to various issues and conflicts faced by him in dealing with society. Questions may utilise the case study approach to determine these aspects.) The following broad areas will be covered:


Sources & Strategy

  • Always stick to the latest trend by going through the previous year’s papers. Find which section (subject) is challenging and scoring.

  • Select only credible sources like:

  • INTERNET – Official government sites: PIB, PRS etc.

  • NEWSPAPERS- The Hindu, Indian Express etc.

  • MAGAZINES- Down to Earth, Frontline etc.

  • BOOKS– NCERTS (6th-12th)

  • Read the NCERT books and always try to make short notes. For Prelims the notes should be on Book itself and for Mains descriptive notes required.

  • Identify the syllabus overlap between Prelims and Mains and focus on those areas first. The best strategy is to preparing for Mains first and makes notes from them for Prelims.

  • Choose optional subject wisely based on your aptitude, interest and experience. Optional subject has weightage of 500 marks in Mains so it is also important to select the scoring one. 

  • Do not take lightly the CSAT paper in Prelims because it can surprise you if you did not practise its mock papers before the exam.

  • Similarly are two qualifying language papers in Mains because failing to score at least 25% in them will automatically eliminate you from the IAS exam process notwithstanding your stellar performance in all the other papers.

  • Take out time daily for answer writing practice for Mains and MCQs practice for prelims at least 3-4 months before the Preliminary Examination.

  • Revise the books multiple times and update your notes.


There are three types or categories of jobs through the civil service exam (CSE). Under these 3 broad categories are different services that are prestigious. The civil service rank list comes out with the results of the exams. These are:

  • All India Civil Services

  • Group A Services or Central Services

  • Group B Services or State Services

 All India Civil Services:

  • Indian Administrative Service or IAS

  • Indian Forest Service or IFS

  • Indian Police Service or IPS

Central Group A Services:

  • Indian Foreign Service

  • Indian P & T Accounts & Finance Service

  • Indian Audit and Accounts Service

  • Indian Revenue Service (Customs and Central Excise)

  • Indian Defence Accounts Service

  • Indian Revenue Service (I.T.) or IRS

  • Indian Ordnance Factories Service (Assistant Works Manager, Administration)

  • Indian Postal Service

  • Indian Civil Accounts Service

  • Indian Railway Traffic Service

  • Indian Railway Accounts Service

  • Indian Railway Personnel Service

  • Indian Railway Protection Force (Assistant Security Commissioner)

  • Indian Defence Estates Service

  • Indian Information Service (Junior Grade)

  • Indian Trade Service, Group ‘A’ (Gr. III)

  • Indian Corporate Law Service

 Group – B Services:

  • Armed Forces Headquarters Civil Service (Section Officer’s Grade)

  • Delhi, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Daman & Diu and Dadra & Nagar Haveli Civil Service

  • Delhi, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Daman & Diu and Dadra & Nagar Haveli Police Service

  • Pondicherry Civil Service

  • Pondicherry Police Service