According to Global Tuberculosis Report 2020, the COVID-19 pandemic, combined with impacts on care-seeking behaviour, threatens to reverse the recent progress in reducing the global burden of tuberculosis (TB) disease.
Key Highlights of the Report
- The evidence from several high TB burden countries of large reductions in the monthly number of people with TB being detected and officially reported in 2020 is available.
- India accounts for 26% of TB cases in the world and the TB notifications during the period January-June 2020 in India fell by 25% compared to the same period in 2019.
- The TB notifications in India in February 2020 increased compared with January but then reduced sharply in April to reach less than 40% of the January figure before increasing to reach about 75% of January figure in the month of June.
- The dip in TB notifications has not been very sharp in India and the recovery after the dip has been more in India than Indonesia, Philippines and South Africa.
- In India, notifications of people newly diagnosed with TB increased 74% from 1.2 million to 2.2 million between 2013 and 2019.
- In the case of India, there is a gap in the number of people newly diagnosed and reported due to a combination of underreporting of people diagnosed with TB and under-diagnosis.
Global Tuberculosis Report
- The World Health Organization (WHO) has published a global TB report every year since 1997.
- The purpose of the report is to provide a comprehensive and up-to-date assessment of the status of the TB epidemic.
- The report is based primarily on data gathered by World Health Organization (WHO) in annual rounds of data collection.
Source: The Hindu