According to the Global Hunger Index 2020, India has the highest prevalence of wasted children under five years in the world.
- India ranks 94 out of 107 countries in the Index, lower than her neighbors such asBangladesh (75) and Pakistan (88).
- In the region of the south, east, and south-eastern Asia, the only countries which fare worse than India are Timor-Leste, Afghanistan, and North Korea.
- Child stunting: Although it is still in the poorest category, however, child stunting has actually improved significantly, from 54% in 2000 to less than 35% now.
- Child wasting: It has not improved in the last two decades, and is rather worse than it was a decade ago.
- Child mortality rates: India has improved in both child mortality rates, which are now at 3.7%, and in terms of undernourishment, with about 14% of the total population which gets an insufficient caloric intake.
The worldwide scenario of food security:
- Worldwide nearly 690 million people are undernourished which warns that the COVID-19 pandemic could have affected the progress made on reducing hunger and poverty.
SDG Goals progress:
- The 2020 Global Hunger Index report presents a multi-dimensional measure of national, regional, and global hunger by assigning a numerical score based on several aspects of hunger.
- It then ranks countries by GHI score and compares current scores with past results.
- The 2020 report considers a One Health approach to linking health and sustainable food systems in order to achieve Zero Hunger by 2030.
- The world is also not on track to achieve the second Sustainable Development Goal — known as Zero Hunger for short — by 2030.
- At the current pace, nearly 37 countries will fail even to reach low hunger, as defined by the Global Hunger Index Severity Scale, by 2030
About Global Hunger Index (GHI):
- It is a tool that measures and tracks hunger globally as well as by region and by country.
- It is calculated annually, and its report issued in October each year.
- The GHI was initially published by the US-based International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) and Germany-based Welthungerhilfe.
- In 2007, the Irish NGO Concern Worldwide also became a co-publisher
Calculation of GHI Scores:
- The Global Hunger Index measures hunger on a 100-point scale, with 0 being the best score (no hunger) and 100 being the worst.
- The GHI combines 4 component indicators:
- the proportion of the undernourished as a percentage of the population;
- the proportion of children under the age of five suffering from wasting, a sign of acute undernutrition;
- the proportion of children under the age of five suffering from stunting, a sign of chronic undernutrition; and
- the mortality rate of children under the age of five.